Tea is the most famous and demanding beverage in the world. Tea was discovered by Chinese Emperor Shen Nong 5000 years ago but introduced 2000 years ago. In Japan, Camellia sinensis prepared as a beverage was first introduced about 800 years ago. A Zen Monk, Myōan Eisai, presented the tea plant that he had brought from China. (Read more about Japanese Tea History) They are available in different tastes and different styles of brewing but come from the same plant named Camellia Sinensis. Both have their own specialty, and both are popular at the same time.
In Japan and China, there is a variety of tea that is available and consumed every day. The taste of one tea is light, and the other has a strong, vital taste. In addition to this, the leaves of one tea are needles, and the other have long, wiry leaves. There are plenty of differences between them.
The main differences Between Japanese tea and Chinese tea are tea production and processing, oxidation, varieties, taste, cost, Matcha, availability, cost, benefits, and culture.
In Japan and China, there is a very high ratio of tea production. In Japan, 60% of the only Sacha produced. In China, green tea production was only 50% in 2015. There is high production between both of them.
There are six types of tea in China: green, yellow, white, oolong, fermented, and black. In Japan, except yellow, all other tea is produced with a high yield and cultivated rate. However, white and fermented tea is rare.
In Japan, tea is processed with the help of an artificial machine, where all the leaves are dried, fed into the machine, and then ground into a fine powder. The powder form is usually called Matcha, but once it is rolled into a needle shape, it is called Sencha. This process needs less hard work and more production.
In China, tea is processed by hand and transformed into many shapes, like twisting them into a spiral, converting the roll into a ball shape, and changing it into a sword. This process needs lots of hard work and time but yields many types of tea and also gives the best drinking taste.
The only factor that inhibits oxidation is antioxidants that lower the risk of diseases like cancer and heart disease. A special type of molecule is released by the body that lowers the risk of disease, breaks down food, and helps in its digestion. In Japanese tea, 60% of antioxidants are present in the green, while in Chinese tea, only 12 to 16 percent are present. This means Japanese tea is more beneficial for health as compared to Chinese tea.
In Japan, there is a limited number of green teas produced and mainly cultivated in Yabukita. In China, there are hundreds and thousands of varieties available, and each type has a different name. There is a lot more variety in Chinese tea than in Japanese tea.
Japanese tea has a vegetal and fresh brisker-like taste, and after over-brewed, its taste gets a bit bitter. They give fresh and work as an energy booster. In Chinese tea, the taste is a sweet, light, and pleasant smell and gives a sweet chocolate-type taste.
Matcha tea is formed in both Japanese and Chinese tea. They look so similar but have totally different types of cultivated places and different types of tastes. The Japanese Matcha has a very high and different taste. They are made under a shaded plant that changes their flavor and composition. On the other hand, Chinese Match has the same procedure but has a different process of making and different tastes. If you are interested, buy Japanese Matcha here.
Both China and Japan produce and export green tea throughout the world, but both have a huge difference in the supply. China produces a variety of tea and supplies 80% of it to the world. While Japanese tea only exports 1% and is only found in boutique shops and on the internet. They have a lower availability rate than Chinese green tea.
Chinese tea and Japanese tea both have higher rates and are more expensive than the other teas. Chinese tea is the most expensive tea in the world, as they make high-quality green tea and consider it the art of their life. They give time and hard work and are made of the best teas in the world. On the other hand, Japanese teas are expensive too and have high prices with the best quality and taste.
In Japanese Green tea there are many benefits that improve health and offer a healthy life.
- There are antioxidants and bioactive substances like catechins and polyphenols are present that help and protect the cell from damage.
- It lowers the risk of heart attack and other cardiovascular diseases.
- There is a flavonoid present in the Japanese green that leaves a very useful effect on the human neurons and decreases the chances of Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease. It is also beneficial for the diabetic patient.
- Daily usage of Japanese green tea gives comfort and a relaxed feeling.
- It burns fat and extra calories and helps in losing weight.
Chinese tea have also many benefits like Japanese tea:
- They have fewer antioxidants than Japanese tea, but their amount helps improve health and lower the risk of heart disease. Its antioxidant property gives energy and burns the fats more quickly.
- It increases workout stamina.
- Its usage protects from many fatal diseases like breast cancer, ovarian, prostate, and colon.
- It gives protection to the bone and increases its density and strength.
- It is also very beneficial for oral health, as it protects the teeth, lowers bacterial growth, and reduces bad breath.
Japanese Tea Ceremony
GongFu Chinese Tea Ceremony
In Japan, when green tea became available, people introduced this beverage into their culture and made it part of every formal event. They develop the rites and rituals of tea and consider it to be the most important thing in personal and social meetings.
Tea plays one of the most important and dominant parts of China’s culture. On the other hand, First tea was discovered in China and plays an important role in Chinese Culture, as they consider it the seventh necessity of their meal.
There are not so many differences between Japanese and Chinese tea, but their uniqueness makes them special and worthy.